Tanzania President Samia Suluhu Hassan has arrived in Scotland ahead of the COP26 climate change summit which gets underway in Glasgow on November 1.

President Samia will join US president Joe Biden and more than 120 heads of state at the conference which will be the biggest climate change conference since landmark talks in Paris in 2015.

In Scotland, the Tanzania head of state will expect to address the summit on Tuesday, November 2.
The COP26 global climate summit in Glasgow is seen as crucial if climate change is to be brought under control. Almost 200 countries are being asked for their plans to cut emissions, and it could lead to major changes to our everyday lives.

What is COP26 and why is it happening?

The world is warming because of fossil fuel emissions caused by humans. Extreme weather events linked to climate change – including heat waves, floods and forest fires – are intensifying. The past decade was the warmest on record, and governments agree urgent collective action is needed.

For this conference, 200 countries are being asked for their plans to cut emissions by 2030.
They all agreed in 2015 to make changes to keep global warming “well below” 2C above pre-industrial levels – and to try aim for 1.5C – so that we avoid a climate catastrophe.

This is what’s known as the Paris Agreement, and it means countries have to keep making bigger emissions cuts until reaching net zero in 2050.

What will be decided at COP26?
Most countries will set out their plans to reduce emissions before the summit starts – so, we should get a sense of whether we are on track beforehand.

But during the two weeks we can expect a flurry of new announcements.
Many are expected to be very technical – including rules still needed to implement the Paris Agreement, for example.
Up to 25,000 people are expected in Glasgow, including world leaders, negotiators and journalists.

Tens of thousands of campaigners and businesses will also be there to hold events, network – and hold protests. Extinction Rebellion, for example, are calling for an immediate end to the use of fossil fuels.
At the end of the conference, some form of declaration is expected. Every country will be required to sign up and it could include specific commitments.

There will also be a battle over compensation for developing countries affected by climate change.
In 2009, wealthy countries pledged $100bn (£720m) a year to help poorer nations by 2020. However, this goal has still not been met and could slip to 2023.

China’s commitments at COP26 will also be very important. It is now the world’s biggest polluter and has investments in coal stations all over the world.
Many observers will be watching how quickly China – and other major fossil fuel producers – will be willing to reduce their reliance on them.

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