Safari, Trekking, Tourist, Destination, Lion, Africa

Home to Africa’s highest mountain and one of its most famous
wildlife parks, Serengeti, Tanzania is one of the continent’s most popular
tourist destinations.

It was recently listed by the New York Times as its number one
place to go in Africa, with 783,000 visitors in 2010, according to a World Bank
report published in 2012.

It is the largest country in East Africa, has abundant
wildlife, 500 miles of coastline and 15 National Parks.

The United Republic of Tanzania was formed in April 1964 by the
union of mainland Tanganyika and the Zanzibar archipelago. The archipelago
consists of two large islands — Zanzibar and Pemba — and numerous smaller

Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa at 5,895m, is one

seven Tanzanian sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Another is Serengeti National Park, known for its annual
migration of two million wildebeests and hundreds of thousands of gazelles and
zebras – followed by their predators. The migration is described by UNESCO as
“one of the most impressive nature spectacles in the world.”

The spectacular Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest caldera,
is part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, a UNESCO heritage site listed for
its natural and cultural significance.

Other UNESCO sites are Selous Game Reserve,
listed for its natural beauty; Kondoa Rock-Art Sites, the Ruins of Kilwa
Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara and Stone Town of Zanzibar, all listed for
their cultural significance.

The annual migration of two million wildebeests is one of the
most impressive nature spectacles in the world. 
Of these, the Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara,
the remains of two great ports booming between the 13th and 16th centuries,
located on islands off the coast of Tanzania, is listed as a site in danger.
Alongside the natural attractions, Tanzania has a rich culture,
both traditional and modern.

Zanzibar International Film Festival, also known as the
Festival of the Dhow Countries, is East Africa’s largest arts, design, music and
film festival, with most events in Zanzibar’s historic Stone Town.
Last year the festival attracted 150,000
visitors, including 7,000 from abroad, and included a race of traditional dhow
sailing boats.

For a more traditional cultural celebration, MaKuYa Festival in
the Mtwara region has been held every year since 2008, bringing together
hundreds of traditional dancers and cultural events.

One of the country’s longest-running festivals is the Bagamoyo
Festival, held each year since 1982 by TaSUBa, formerly the Bagamoyo College of
Arts. The TaSUBa Theatre, where it is held, is the largest performing arts venue
in East Africa, and attracts musicians performing African music from reggae to
roots to jazz.

An annual charity Goat Race held each year in Dar Es Salaam is
based on a concept from Uganda and has raised more than 500 million Tanzanian
shillings ($320,000) for charity over the past 11 years.
Tanganyika and Zanzibar had gained independence from Britain in
1961 and 1963 respectively.

Julius Nyerere, a key figure in the fight for independence,
became the first president of Tanganyika in 1962 and remained head of Tanzania
until 1985.

All of us have come together to say it’s high time Zanzibar
should be able once again be able to be in charge of own destiny and plan its
own future.

His successor, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, started a gradual process of
economic liberalization and democratic reform and in 1992 the constitution was
changed to allow for multiparty competition, according to the British Foreign
and Commonwealth Office.

The current president President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete has been
in power since 2005 and was elected for a second term in 2010.

Today, although Zanzibar is part of Tanzania, it has its own
parliament and president and a growing movement for full independence.

The Tanzanian people are split roughly equally in their
beliefs, between 30% Christians, 35% Muslim and 35% with traditional beliefs,
according to the CIA World Factbook. In Zanzibar, the population is more than
99% Muslim.

Most of the country’s population is Bantu, consisting of more
than 120 tribes, including Sukuma, Nyamwezi, Chagga, Masai, Haya and Gogo.

The commercial center is Dar Es Salaam, with a population of
3.6 million in 2011, according to the United Nations Population Division.

For a trip of a life time, Tanzania has a lot to offer; from
the shores of beautiful Indian ocean to the Africa’s highest point, on Mt.
Kilimanjaro. Apart from the rich history and rich culture of the more than 120
tribes, the wilderness of Serengeti and the uniqueness of Ngorongoro Crater
won’t stop to amuse you!

Before minor edits this Post first appeared on CNN


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