Kilimanjaro region, reducing the region’s native forests, hitting rainfall and
leading to unusually high temperatures.
people who live a stone’s throw from one of the world’s heritage sites, and who
had been used to a cold, misty climate.
that the annual rainfall in the region has been dwindling from year to
year over the past decade, affecting farmers who depend on growing
coffee and bananas for a living.
a cool climate and also need enough water,” he said.
region’s rising temperatures, which now sometimes surpass 30 degrees Celsius
(86 degrees Farenheit) – on occasion higher than the country’s normal hottest
places, Dar es Salaam and Tanga.
just too much. We virtually do not need sweaters and jackets,” said
Onesmo Masawe, a resident of Moshi.
water cycles around Mt. Kilimanjaro, but the region’s forests are disappearing
as a result of growing demand for timber across and country and unmanaged
logging of trees for timber and charcoal making, residents in the region say.
collude with corrupt officials, for driving the destruction. But forests also
have come under pressure as people in the area struggle to meet their energy
needs by making charcoal.
thrive above 2,700 meters (8,850 feet) above sea level and that local people
believe are crucial to helping collect cloud moisture. The trees, now on the
verge of extinction, according to people in the village of Machame, also
provide traditional medicine used to treat fever and diarrhoea.
to set up irrigation systems for their fields, while others have moved to
cities to find other work.
hardly find people working in the fields during the day. Many Marangu residents
have moved to Arusha and Dar es Salaam because their farms are not coping well
with the drier conditions. They only convene back in the villages during
Christmas and New Year celebrations.
increasing temperatures some tour guides no longer see the need to help
tourists acclimate to colder weather before they trek into high altitudes
around Mt. Kilimanjaro.
(UNEP), reduced rainfall and increasing temperatures in Kilimanjaro have
increased the vulnerability to fire and cutting of the region’s forests.
1976 and 2012, over 15,445 hectares (38,000 acres) of rainforests in the region
have been destroyed.
logging and to sensitize local people about the importance of conserving their
environment, said Kilimanjaro Regional Commissioner Leonidas Gama.
temperatures in the region is the impact of climate change which is contributed
to by our own actions,” he said in a telephone interview.
drive which aims to plant one million trees in two years in collaboration with
governmental and private institutions.
Environmental Association of Tanzania (JET), conducted an assessment in
Kilimanjaro in April, which found that water reservoirs in the region also are
being hit by the changing conditions.
Lake Jipe has receded by 100 meters in just three years while Nyumba ya
mungu Dam has lost almost two-thirds of its water, affecting hydro-electricity
Change (IPCC), Pius Yanda, concurs that the rise in temperature in Kilimanjaro
region is a result of global warming.
Kilimanjaro region and that has left many parts devoid of natural vegetation
and soil cover. Global warming is a worldwide phenomenon and in Kilimanjaro
region local factors have contributed in rising temperatures,” Yanda was quoted
in local media as saying.
effectively and said he believes temperatures are set to rise even higher if
the problem of deforestation is not solved soon.